What these countries [Tunisia, Argentina and Morocco] do have in common with Brazil? I believe that a good explanation, based on public choice theory, would be that
the political system of these countries was formed to preserve a ruling class (politicians and government officers) whose main objective is to rent seek, or in other words, to exploit the productive and underserved segments of the population through the imposition of barriers to their social and economic integration to the world. Differently from the ruling class in absolutely autarkic countries, which uses the politics of isolation and the antiglobalization movement as an instrument of self-preservation, the ruling class in countries like Brazil maintains its access to the benefits of globalization while denying the same access to the rest of the population.
Wednesday, January 27, 2010
Here's the first article (written in Portuguese) in my semimonthly column in the website OrdemLivre.org. I used the KOF Index of Globalization to compare countries that are politically globalized but economically and socially autarkic (for example, Brazil, Tunisia, Argentina and Morocco) with countries that are absolutely autarkic (such as Cuba, Albania and North Korea). This is the translation of one of the most important paragraphs: